(Reporting of Injuries, Diseases & Dangerous Occurrences Regulations)

Legal Duty

Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) require employers to report certain accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences to the relevant enforcing authority, typically the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) or the Local Authority.


Facilities for making reports, including information required and timescales vary from time to time and therefore it is wise to check out the latest arrangements on the website of the Health and Safety Executive at http://www.hse.gov.uk/riddor/report.htm

From this page you can access forms for online recording of a range of incidents. This provides a relatively straightforward and quick reporting mechanism and you receive back a copy of the report for your own records and to confirm that the report has been received and filed correctly.

In addition to the online forms, there is a telephone facility available between the hours of 8:30am to 5:00pm for reporting fatal and major incidents.

The law requires that the following work-related incidents be reported:

  • Deaths
  • Major injuries
  • Over-seven-day injuries where an employee or self-employed person has an accident and is away from work or unable to work normally for more than seven days.
  • Injuries to members of the public that result in death or hospitalisation
  • Work-related diseases
  • Dangerous occurrences where something happens that does not result in a reportable injury but which might have.

Information on diseases that need to be reported is contained in the RIDDOR regulations.

Injuries from accidents involving vehicles travelling on the public highway are subject to the Road Traffic Act and should be reported accordingly, normally to the police.

Under the Health and Safety (Training for Employment) Regulations, youth trainees and students working for an employer are treated as employees in respect of safety legislation.

Investigating Accidents

Although there is no legal obligation for employers to investigate accidents, it is nevertheless recommended in the RIDDOR Approved Code of Practice to ensure the cause is properly identified and steps taken to avoid any recurrences.

Where applicable, an employer should inform a duly appointed Safety Representative following a notifiable accident so that the Representative can conduct an investigation under provisions contained within the Safety Representatives and Safety Committees Regulations.

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